With all those branches, leaves and bark, painting a robust pine tree can be a fun experience to dive into. Whether you're painting one from your own backyard or painting a Christmas tree to get in the holiday spirit, the whole process is simple to follow and a blast to explore.
Acrylic Pine Tree
What You Need
- Burnt Umber
- Light Green Permanent
- Primary Blue
- Primary Yellow
- Phthalocyanine Green
Tools and Materials
- Palette or waxed paper
- ¾ flat synthetic Taklon brush
- #6 shader flat brush
- Acrylic paper or canvas (we used Canson Artist Series cold press acrylic paper)
Whether you're painting en plein air or using a reference photo, having your subject in front of you is the easiest way to paint. While observing all the ins and outs of your subject, try squinting. It simplifies what you're seeing while desaturating the image so you can focus on value (lights and shadows).
2. Draw the Outline
Draw the rough shape of the tree form onto your paper or canvas. The details aren't important here — just block out the proportions loosely so you can fill in the details with paint.
3. Do the Underpainting
An underpainting is a basic acrylic technique , and it serves as the base for your other layers of paint. To make our underpainting, mix together black and burnt umber paint. Use a ¾ flat synthetic Taklon brush to block in the rough shape of your tree. (Remember, you shouldn't be paying attention to the details yet.)
Mix together Light Green Permanent and Phthalocyanine Green and block in the ground.
4. Paint the Sky
Using a mixture of White and Primary Blue paints, brush up your sky. Because these acrylics are nice and opaque, you can start “cutting in” to shape the tree, helping to define it more clearly and specifically as you go.
If you're not sure how opaque the paints you're using are, do a quick test for transparency .
5. Build Layers
Add a little Primary Yellow and White to the two colors you mixed before. Lighten up the grass with short, choppy strokes using your flat brush. Leave a cast shadow from the tree in your original underpainting color.
Build out your background here as well — we added a shoreline and a lake.
6. Add Highlights
Working very loosely, block in the highlights of the tree branches, using a bit more of the cooler Phthalocyanine Green to help differentiate the pine tree’s color from the warmer green of the grass.
Pay close attention to where the lights and darks rest in your subject. Remember where the light source is coming from (in our photo, it's from the top left), so you know which parts to highlight and which to leave dark.
Switch to a #6 “shader” flat brush and continue adding highlights. Mix an even cooler, lighter shade of green-grey for your lightest highlights.
As you continue building highlights, re-establish your darker values as well to create a feeling of depth and dimension. Don't overwork it — the individual pine needles and blades of grass don't need to be painted for the tree to take shape.
Learn More Now
Be a master of nature scenes and learn to paint your natural surroundings in our class, Acrylic Landscape Painting .