Every gardener knows spring is the busy season for planting, but you can save a ton of time by doing some of it in the fall. One of the season's easiest veggies to grow: garlic.
Planting this crop in the fall produces bigger bulbs, and some gardeners even swear it tastes better than those started in spring. Ideally, you want to plant them just after the first frost, but really anytime between mid-September and the end of October should work. And if you can, put the garlic in your raised-bed garden — because it has virtually zero fungal problems, garlic can help protect your other crops as a natural pest-deterrent, prepping you for a thriving summer harvest.
How to Plant Your Garlic
Good to Know
While you can grow garlic from bulbs purchased at the grocery store, it likely won’t grow as well as those sold at your local garden center. Garlic bought at the store is often shipped across the country (or across the world), meaning it's designed to grow in a climate much different than your own.
1. Plant in Rich, Loamy Soil
We know what you're thinking: soil is soil, right? Not exactly. Soil vastly differs from region to region, and different plants have different soil needs. For example: the dry, sandy soil succulents crave won't support garlic, and vice versa. Garlic grows best in nutrient-rich soil mixed with compost, aged manure or fertilizer.
2. Till Your Garden
Before planting, it's important to till your garden so the soil mixes with organic matter, removes weeds and breaks up any large chunks of soil or rocks in your bed. You only need to sift the top soil (so less than 12" deep) and it'll be prime for planting.
3. Break the Cloves
Planting garlic is totally hassle-free — the only tool you need is a spade , and if you don't have one of those, you can even just use your hands. Simply break the garlic cloves away from the bulb (leaving the skin on) and plant each one pointy side up. The cloves should be planted 2" deep and 6" apart to give each plenty of room to grow.
4. Prep for Overwintering
It's important to protect your garlic (and any other crops planted in the fall) from harsh winter elements. Water the bed well, then cover the garlic with 6" of mulch for overwintering. In a few weeks you might see shoots poking out of the mulch, but this will stop as the weather gets colder.
5. Come Back in the Spring
In the spring, remove the mulch you added for overwintering. The shoots will re-appear and the bulbs will continue to develop until early or mid summer. You'll know they're ready to harvest after the outer layer of the shoots have died back.