The bigger the needle, the better, right? Not so fast ... Every needle size (and type) has its purpose. And not only that, once you narrow down the size, there's the material and type to consider, too. With so many choices, it can be really hard to decode which needles to use for each project. Consider this your cheat sheet!
First things first: knitting needles come in sizes. And those sizes are numbered: the smaller the number, the smaller the needle (and the thinner the yarn you'll use).
Needles often list both the US size and the metric size. Make sure you're you know which number is which because a US 7 and 7mm are NOT the same size. And, just to make things more confusing, you may also see UK sizes, which run in the opposite direction (the higher the number, the smaller the needle). All the sizes listed in this article refer to US sizes.
Your project will dictate what size needle you use. Working from a pattern? It will suggest a needle size, and that's a good place to start (sure, your gauge could be off and you may need a different needle size to compensate, but that's a discussion for another day). Or, you may fall in love with a yarn, and decide you just have to knit with it. If you know the weight of your yarn, it's not hard to figure out what size needle to use. In fact, yarn labels often call out needle sizes right on the label. Easy peasy.
Knitting needles are generally made out of wood (primarily bamboo) or metal (primarily aluminium, but some other metals, too). Plastic needles are also out there, as are bespoke needles.
Which material you choose really comes down to personal preference, though there are some considerations based on size, too (more on that below). Many beginners prefer bamboo needles, because the wood causes a bit of drag on the stitches, and things are less likely to slip off unintentionally. Metal needles tend to be a bit slipperier, but are great if you want those stitches to fly off your needles.
Straight, circular or DPNs
Here's a secret: you can use a circular needle to ANYTHING. Flat, in the round, small circumference (hello, Magic Loop !), large circumference: it does it all. When in doubt, grab a circular needle with cord at least 36" long, and you're good to go. And, quick shout out to the interchangeable circular needle set: you can mix and match your needle tips with different cord lengths to give you all the options.
Of course, not everyone loves circular needles, which is fine! If you prefer double point needles, you do you. One isn't better than another, promise. And now, onto the sizes. And if you just love straight needles, then use them alllll your flat projects.
Knitting needle sizes: 000-1
These are the itty-bitty needles of the knitting world. If you're a true beginner, you can ignore these. They're generally used for intricate lace projects or projects that require intense amounts of patience. In fact, finding needles this small can sometimes be a challenge. They're a bit specialty.
Knitting needle sizes: 1-3
This needle size has a big claim to fame: socks! Cozy socks are one of the big perks of being (or knowing!) a knitter, and making them is kind of addicting. Most socks are knit using a size 1 or 2 needle and use sock yarn, but you can also find patterns that are designed for heavier non-sock yarns. In addition to socks, you can knit up beautiful shawls using sock-weight yarn and these small needles.
Knitting needle sizes: 3-5
We're in sport weight territory now. While not as thin as sock yarn, projects with sport-weight yarn often still call for smaller knitting needles that might cause your hands to cramp up . Sport-weight can be used for all sorts of projects, from socks to sweaters, to baby blankets and more.
Knitting needle sizes: 5-7
These needles match up with DK weight yarn: it's just slightly lighter than worsted weight, making it super common for everything from sweaters to scarves to gloves.
Knitting needle sizes: 7-9
Arguably the most popular size of knitting needles, these workhorses are usually paired with worsted weight yarn. This may even be the same yarn/needle combo you learned to knit with.
Knitting needle sizes: 9-11
The knitting needle sizes are growing larger, and as they do you'll notice that the knits work up faster and faster. Bulky or chunky weight yarn is famous for being a quick knit. You can use practically any knitting needle type for this yarn, but keep in mind that if you're working with something large, those long circular needles will be a lifesaver for holding all the weight of the project. Fun fact: the sizes here start getting a little wonky. We have a US 10, US 10.5, and US 11.
Knitting needle sizes: 11-17
If you're in the "bigger is better camp" then let me introduce you to bulky weight yarns and their accompanying needles. You can experiment with textures like cables that will really stand out when they're knit up in a super bulky fiber. From here on out, the sizing scale goes a bit rogue: there are only odd sizes from 11-17, so stop looking for 14. It doesn't exist.
Knitting needle sizes: 17 and larger
Make way for thick knits! Jumbo is the newest yarn weight category and uses the biggest knitting needles of all. You may need some serious guns to wield these hefty needles, so be on the lookout for plastic options: they weigh less.