Tunisian Crochet vs. Traditional Crochet: What’s the Difference?

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Tunisian crochet is often sold as a way for traditional crocheters to expand their skills. But are these crafts really all that different? Check out this breakdown to find out.

Crochet v. Tunisian crochet: what's the difference?

Difference #1: Tools

For those learning Tunisian crochet, the difference in the tools is obvious.

Traditional crochet

Traditional crochet uses a hook that is typically about 6″ long. There’s a hook on one end, and the other end is straight. The hooks can be made of a variety of materials — such as aluminum, wood or plastic — and sometimes have an ergonomic handle.

Tunisian crochet

Tunisian crochet hook, however, is 11″ to 14″ long. It has no thumb rest but has a knob on the end to prevent stitches from falling off. It is smooth from the shaft through the handle and resembles a knitting needle with a crochet hook head instead of a point.

Difference #2: Construction

Once you’ve finally made sense of the hooks, it’s time to tackle the actual construction of Tunisian crochet.

Traditional crochet

In traditional crochet, you handle stitches one at a time. Typically only one stitch is “live.” In other words, for most patterns, one stitch is completed before the next stitch is made. At the end of a row, you turn the work, make a series of chains, and continue the pattern down the row.

Tunisian crochet

In Tunisian crochet however, stitches are worked onto the hook during the forward pass, then worked off of the hook for the return pass. On top of that, Tunisian crochet is always worked on the front side, or right side, of the project. Working the forward pass feels a lot like knitting, as stitches accumulate on the hook. Once you complete the return pass, the stitches are considered “live” until you work them with more stitches or bind off. (Unlike knitting, though, the Tunisian stitches do not ultimately support the stitches below them. If you drop a stitch in Tunisian crochet, you can can easily recover it or rip out just one row to fix it.)

Difference #3: Fabric

To the untrained eye, there isn’t much difference between Tunisian crochet and traditional crochet fabrics. Some might even confuse Tunisian crochet with knitting or weaving. But in practice, the most significant difference between Tunisian crochet and traditional crochet is the fabric that these techniques produce.

If you made a Tunisian crochet swatch and a traditional crochet swatch from the same yarn and same size hook, you’d notice several obvious differences:

  • Stretch: Traditional crochet fabric has plenty of stretch in all directions. Due to the bars created by the return pass in Tunisian crochet, the fabric does not stretch nearly as much horizontally, through there is plenty of stretch vertically. Because of this, Tunisian crochet fabric has much more memory (can bounce back easier) when compared to traditional crochet.
  • Edges: Tunisian crochet also has a natural, neat border on each edge of the fabric. The construction of the first and last stitches of each row produces a series of V’s like the tops of traditional crochet stitches. These V’s make for a polished look to Tunisian fabric and aid in joining fabric strips together and adding borders.

As different as they are, Tunisian crochet and traditional crochet are more complements than competitors. You really don't have to choose sides! The 400+ stitches available in Tunisian crochet broaden the scope when it comes to crochet design and the learning curve from one craft to the next is nearly nonexistent.

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Tunisian Crochet vs. Traditional Crochet: What’s the Difference?