Once your quilt sandwich is finished, your backing is ready to go and your batting is cut to size, you only have two more steps before you can start quilting! It’s time to make your quilt sandwich and baste the layers of your quilt.
First up is making the quilt sandwich
What is a quilt sandwich?
Simply put, a quilt sandwich is the two layers of fabric and one layer of batting that are stacked on top of each other just before the quilting process. In fact, the quilt sandwich is what makes a quilt a quilt!
Making a quilt sandwich
Creating the quilt sandwich is as easy as stacking the three pieces in a particular order:
- Quilt backing with the wrong side up
- Quilt top with the right side up
How to put a quilt sandwich together
Sometimes the hardest part of making a quilt sandwich is finding the space to lay out all the pieces. Luckily, quilters have come up with smart solutions for this common problem.
On the floor
If you have a wide, hard-surfaced floor, you can lay the three layers right on the floor. This is not the best option if you’re working on carpet, though. You’ll find you have a hard time keeping the layers aligned since they won't lay perfectly flat.
On a table
If you have a large enough table, you can place your entire quilt sandwich right on the surface. Whether on the floor or the table, use tape, paperweights or other heavy objects to hold each layer in place.
On the wall
Depending on the size of your quilt, you can hang the quilt sandwich on the wall! Instructor Anita Grossman Solomon uses low-tack tape (such as painter’s tape) to hold up each layer. Gravity makes sure the layers are even.
Tips for a perfect quilt sandwich
- Your quilt back should be at least 3″ larger than your quilt top on all sides.
- It’s a good idea to make your batting the same size as the quilt back.
- Press your quilt top and back before building the quilt sandwich to guarantee a wrinkle-free quilt.
- If your batting has wrinkles, don’t iron it! Instead, throw it in the dryer with a wet washcloth or sprinkle it with water first.
More Must-Know Quilting Basics
When you’ve assembled quilt sandwich, it’s time to baste!
What is basting and why do I need to do it?
In quilting, basting is a technique that temporarily holds together the layers of the quilt sandwich while you quilt.
There are plenty of effective methods for this, most quilters have a strong opinion on the best one. We’ll tell you a bit about four of the most popular methods so you can try them out and decide for yourself.
Four common quilt basting methods
One of the most popular basting methods is to use safety pins. In this method, you’ll place lots of safety pins all over the quilt sandwich to hold the layers together.
Although pin basting can be time-consuming, it’s a good way to ensure that the quilt layers remain in place during quilting. It works for small to large quilts.
Bluprint instructor Wendy Butler Berns recommends using 1½" safety pins or 1½" curved basting pins. These are just the right size for pin basting quilts and do not leave large holes in the quilt top. Flat flower pins shafts are delicate and may bend, and safety pins any larger are not sharp enough to pierce all three layers of the quilt sandwich.
You’ll need a big collection of pins — Wendy estimates you’ll need 100 for a twin-sized quilt. Some quilters go by the "hand test." If you can place your hand on the quilt surface without touching any pins, use more pins!
The spray basting method uses a temporary adhesive spray specially formulated for fabric to hold the layers of a quilt sandwich in place. Simply spray the adhesive onto the wrong side of both the backing and the quilt top, then make your quilt sandwich.
Spray basting is fast (you can baste a twin-sized quilt in about 10 minutes!) and effective, leaving fewer wrinkles than pin basting.
But spray basting can also be a little pricey — about $13 for a 10-ounce can, which of course cannot be reused. Plus, the spray can be harmful to breathe in, so it should only be used in a well-ventilated area (or not at all if you are pregnant). It’s flammable as well, so keep the bottle of spray away from your hot iron!
For spray basting, you’ll need special spray adhesive. Make sure to choose one with the word “temporary” on the label so that it will wash away later! A few of my favorite brands include June Tailor Quilt Basting Spray, Dritz Basting Spray and 505 Spray and Fix.
You can also use a fusible product to help baste your quilts. Place large cuts of a double-sided fusible web, for example, on both sides of the batting to fuse the quilt sandwich. Or, use strips of fusible tape to create small basting tacks between the backing, batting and quilt top.
Although this method can add to your materials cost, it can also be a time-saver! It might be a good choice for smaller quilts and quick quilting projects like table runners.
This method of basting, you’ll make long, loose stitches by hand to hold the layers together. Since the basting is done by hand, this method works best for quilters who plan to hand quilt their projects. During hand quilting, you can remove these stitches along the way by simply snipping the threads.